Definitions[edit | edit source]

Computer security[edit | edit source]

Accountability is

the requirement that actions of an entity may be traced uniquely to that entity."[1]
often an organizational policy requirement and directly supports non-repudiation, deterrence, fault isolation, intrusion detection and prevention, and after-action recovery and legal action."[2]
[t]he property of a system (including all of its system resources) that ensures that the actions of a system entity may be traced uniquely to that entity, which can be held responsible for its actions.[3]
[t]he quality or state that enables attempted and committed violations of computer systems security to be traced to individuals who may then be held responsible.[4]
[the] [p]rinciple that responsibilities for ownership and/or oversight of IS resources are explicitly assigned and that assignees are answerable to proper authorities for stewardship of resources under their control.[5]
[a] process of holding users responsible for actions performed on an information system.[6]

Electronic money[edit | edit source]

Accountability is "record-keeping of electronic money transactions."[7]

Information technology[edit | edit source]

Accountability is the process of tracing IT activities to a responsible source.

Security[edit | edit source]

Accountability is

[t]he security goal that generates the requirement for actions of an entity to be traced uniquely to that entity. This supports nonrepudiation, deterrence, fault isolation, intrusion detection and prevention, and after-action recovery and legal action.[8]
[the] [p]rinciple that an individual is entrusted to safeguard and control equipment, keying material, and information and is answerable to proper authority for the loss or misuse of that equipment or information.[9]

References[edit | edit source]

See also[edit | edit source]

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