The following is a chronological listing of significant events in the development of the field of Information Technology law between 2000 and 2009. For other time periods see:
- Chronology of Events - Pre-1700
- Chronology of Events - 1700s
- Chronology of Events - 1800s
- Chronology of Events - 1900-1930s
- Chronology of Events - 1940s
- Chronology of Events - 1950s
- Chronology of Events - 1960s
- Chronology of Events - 1970s
- Chronology of Events - 1980s
- Chronology of Events - 1990s
- Chronology of Events - 2010s
2000[edit | edit source]
2000 — Jack Kilby (Texas Instruments) receives the Nobel Prize in Physics for his invention of the integrated circuit.
January 1, 2000 — Many experts, governments and businesses feared that the change of century/millennium would cause serious problems with computer systems, since many legacy software programs shortened the year stored to only the last two digits, such as storing 99 for 1999. When the year 2000 came, the year 2000 would be shortened to 00, causing the computer to think it was 1900. Called the Year 2000 (Y2K) bug, extensive investments in software remediation resulted in only a few glitches, and no catastrophic system shutdowns.
March 2000 — At a meeting in Cairo, Egypt, ICANN adopts a process for external review of its decisions that utilizes outside experts, who will be selected at an unspecified later date. ICANN also approves a compromise whereby 5 at-large Board members will be chosen in regional online elections.
March 10, 2000 — The Dot-com bubble bursts, investment capital dries up and the Nasdaq stock index plunges.
April 21, 2000 — The Children's Online Privacy Protection Act becomes effective.
June 2000 — ICANN issues its second Status Report, which states that several of the tasks have been completed, but work on other tasks was still under way.
August 2000 — The Department of Commerce and ICANN approve MOU amendment 2, which deleted tasks related to membership mechanisms, public information, and registry competition and extended the MOU until September 2001. They also agree to extend the cooperative research and development agreement on root server stability and security through September 2001.
October 1, 2000 — Kevin Ashton, Sanjay Sarma and David Broke publish a white paper titled The Networked Physical World: Proposals for Engineering the Next Generation of Computing, Commerce & Automatic-Identification (full-text), in which they outlined their vision for the new MIT Auto-ID Center. The center
|“||envisions a world in which all electronic devices are networked and every object, whether it is physical or electronic, is electronically tagged with information pertinent to that object. We envision the use of physical tags that allow remote, contactless interrogation of their contents; thus, enabling all physical objects to act as nodes in a networked physical world.||”|
November 2000 — At a meeting in California, ICANN selects 7 new top-level domains: .biz (for use by businesses), .info (for general use), .pro (for use by professionals), .name (for use by individuals), .aero (for use by the air transport industry), .coop (for use by cooperatives), and .museum (for use by museums).
November 2000 — After months of legal proceedings, the French court rules Yahoo! must block French users from accessing Nazi memorabilia on its auction site.
2001[edit | edit source]
2001 — Hal Abelson, Lawrence Lessig and Eric Eldred co-found the Creative Commons.
2001 — The Internet Tax Nondiscrimination Act is passed.
January 15, 2001 — Wikipedia is launched by Jimmy Wales and Larry Sanger.
March 4, 2001 — Forwarding email in Australia becomes illegal with the passing of the Copyright Amendment (Digital Agenda) Act 2000, since it is seen as a technical infringement of personal copyright.
June 5, 2001 — Nevada becomes the first U.S. state to vote to legalize online gambling.
August 2001 — ICANN's At-Large Membership Study Committee issues a preliminary report that recommends creating a new at-large supporting organization. The new organization would be open to anyone with a domain name and would elect 6 members of ICANN’s Board of Directors.
October 2001 — The President's Critical Infrastructure Protection Board, a group charged with developing a national cybersecurity strategy, is established.
Oct. 26, 2001 — President Bush signs the USA PATRIOT Act.
November 2001 — Following the September 11 terrorist attacks, ICANN devotes the bulk of its annual meeting to security issues. The At-large Membership Study Committee releases its final report, which retains the Board reorganization first proposed in August 2001.
2002[edit | edit source]
2002 — President Bush secretly authorizes the National Security Agency (NSA) to monitor international phone calls without a warrant. Previously, the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act of 1978 required a warrant.
March 2002 — At a Board meeting in Ghana, ICANN’s Board refers the president's proposal and questions about at-large representation and outside review to an internal Committee on ICANN Evolution and Reform.
March 18, 2002 — Chana Schoenberger publishes an article in Forbes entitled The Internet of Things (full-text).
April 2002 — Jim Waldo, Harvard CTO, publishes "Virtual Organizations, Pervasive Computing, and an Infrastructure for Networking at the Edge," in the Journal of Information Systems Frontiers:
|“||the Internet is becoming the communication fabric for devices to talk to services, which in turn talk to other services. Humans are quickly becoming a minority on the Internet, and the majority stakeholders are computational entities that are interacting with other computational entities without human intervention.||”|
May 1, 2002 — Hundreds of Internet radio stations observe a "Day of Silence" in protest of proposed song royalty rate increases.
October 2002 — BitTorrent 1.0 is publicly distributed.
November 2, 2002 — The Technology, Education, and Copyright Harmonization Act of 2002 (TEACH) provides for the use of copyrighted works by accredited nonprofit educational institutions in distance education.
December 3, 2002 — A new U.S. law creates a kids-safe, "dot-kids" domain (kids.us) to be implemented in 2003.
December 4, 2002 — The Small Webcaster Settlement Act of 2002 is enacted.
2003[edit | edit source]
2003 — The World Summit on the Information Society is held.
2003 — The CAN-SPAM Act signed into law.
January 25, 2003 — The SQL Slammer worm, one of the largest and fastest spreading distributed denial-of-service attacks (DDoS) ever, takes about 10 minutes to spread worldwide and take down 5 of the 13 DNS root servers along with tens of thousands of other servers.
April 23, 2003 — Skype is released.
April 28, 2003 — Apple's iTunes Store is launched.
May 2003 — LinkedIn is launched.
July 2003 — The French Ministry of Culture bans the use of the word "e-mail" by government ministries, and adopts the use of the more French-sounding "courriel".
July 2003 — Myspace is launched.
2004[edit | edit source]
January 1, 2004 — The CAN-SPAM Act goes into effect.
February 2004 — The FCC rules that electric power companies can use their wiring to provide Internet services, including voice over IP (VOIP). It also ruled that companies that provide computer-to-computer VOIP service are not subject to the same regulations as telephone companies.
February 4, 2004 — Mark Zuckerburg launches Facebook from his college dorm room.
December 2004 — Digg launches.
2005[edit | edit source]
July 19, 2005 — MySpace is purchased by NewsCorp and made part of the Fox Interactive Media division.
2006[edit | edit source]
September 26, 2006 — Facebook is launched to the public.
October 6, 2006 — The Trademark Dilution Revision Act of 2006 is enacted.
2007[edit | edit source]
March 4, 2007 — Estonia becomes the first country to conduct an election over the Internet.
December 2007 — Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 signed by President Bush.
2008[edit | edit source]
July 2008 — Congress passes the FISA Amendments Act, which expands the federal government's surveillance powers and gives immunity to telecom companies that assist in a warrantless surveillance program.
December 2008 — The number of Internet users in the world surpasses one billion for the first time.
2009[edit | edit source]
2009 — Bitcoin is introduced.