Computer fraud (also called computer-related fraud) is
|“||[t]he input, alteration, erasure or suppression of computer data or computer programmes, or other interference with the course of data processing, that influences the result of data processing thereby causing economic or possessory loss of property of another person with the intent of procuring an unlawful gain for himself or for another person.||”|
|“||[a] computer crime that an intruder commits to obtain money or something of value from a company (or individual). Often, all traces of the crime are covered up. Computer fraud typically involves modification, destruction, theft, or disclosure of data.||”|
A computer system must have been involved in the perpetration or cover up of the act or series of acts. A computer system might have been involved through improper manipulation of input data; output or results; applications programs; data files; computer operations; communications; or computer hardware, operating system software, or firmware.
- Harmonizing National Legal Approaches on Cybercrime, at 22 n.34.
- Information Technology Security Handbook, Annex 1, Glossary.