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Copyright Royalty and Distribution Reform Act of 2004 (CRDRA), Pub. L. No. 108-419, 118 Stat. 2341 (Nov. 30, 2004).


The Act makes extensive changes to the procedural framework for adjudicating royalty rates for compulsory licenses under the 1976 Copyright Act. Compulsory licenses facilitate many copyright-related activities, including digital transmissions of sound recordings in webcasting. The law repeals and reenacts chapter 8 of Title 17 of the U.S. Code (17 U.S.C. §§801-05). The previous ad hoc three-member Copyright Arbitration Royalty Panel was replaced by standing Copyright Royalty Judges appointed for six-year terms.