The dark Web
|“||[is] a part of the deep Web that has been intentionally hidden and is inaccessible through standard Web browsers. ||”|
|“||[consists of] web pages and data that are only available via special software that keeps users anonymous. Many sites and data on the Dark Web have been deliberately built to be untraceable in order to protect the anonymity of the user. . . .||”|
"The Dark Web may be accessed both for legitimate purposes and to conceal criminal or otherwise malicious activities. It is the exploitation of the Dark Web for illegal practices that has garnered the interest of officials and policymakers. Take for instance the Silk Road — one of the most notorious sites formerly located on the Dark Web. The Silk Road was an online global bazaar for illicit services and contraband, mainly drugs. Vendors of these illegal substances were located in more than 10 countries around the world, and contraband goods and services were provided to more than 100,000 buyers. It has been estimated that the Silk Road generated about $1.2 billion in sales between January 2011 and September 2013, after which it was dismantled by federal agents."
"A relatively known source for content that resides on the dark Web is found in the Tor network. Tor, and other similar networks, enables users to traverse the Web in near-complete anonymity by encrypting data packets and sending them through several network nodes, called onion routers."
"Dark Web sites serve as a platform for Internet users for whom anonymity is essential, since they not only provide protection from unauthorized users, but also usually include encryption to prevent monitoring."