Fiber-to-the-home (FTTH) is an example of a technology designed specifically to deliver a triple-play service package, which includes Internet, video, and voice service. FTTH has been in development and deployment for close to 20 years. However, only in the last five years has FTTH deployment made significant gains.
Because it is a new architecture and requires new construction, it is a fairly high-cost network to deploy. The higher cost is outweighed by the very scaleable and flexible nature of the fiber cable. Fiber optics provide the highest possible data rates of all the broadband technologies and with upgraded electronics can support services at or beyond 1 Gbps. A lower cost variation deploys fiber cable to nodes placed in neighborhoods, and then utilizes existing infrastructure from the nodes to the home.