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High-Performance Computing and Communications Program Act of 1991, Pub. L. No. 102-194, 105 Stat. 1594 (Dec. 9, 1991), codified at 15 U.S.C. Chapter 81 (1991) (full-text).[1]


The Act, introduced by then-senator Al Gore (and commonly referred to as "The Gore Bill"), was passed to enhance the effectiveness of ongoing high-performance computing programs of various federal agencies. This law led to the creation of the Federal High-Performance Computing and Communications Program (HPCC). The current National Coordination Office (NCO) for Networking and Information Technology Research and Development (NITRD) Program is the successor to the HPCC Program but, as the name implies, has a broader definition.

The Act allotted $600,000 for the creation of a National Research and Education Network.


Among other requirements, the Act called for the following:

This law also requires an annual report to Congress on grants and cooperative R&D agreements and procurements involving foreign entities.


  1. Parts of the chapter have also been given other popular names: the Next Generation Internet Research Act of 1998 and the Department of Energy High-End Computing Revitalization Act of 2004.


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