Definitions[edit | edit source]

Australia[edit | edit source]

Identity fraud is

using another’s personal information without permission. Identity fraud can be very costly to the victim, damaging their finances, reputation and credit rating.[1]

Canada[edit | edit source]

Identity fraud is

the fraudulent use of another person's personal identification to gain advantage, obtain property, disadvantage another person, avoid arrest or defeat or obstruct the course of justice.[2]

General[edit | edit source]

Identity fraud "refers to the use of identification or identity information to commit other crimes or avoid detection and prosecution in some way."[3] Identity fraud is the umbrella term that refers to a number of crimes involving the use of false identification — though not necessarily a means of identification belonging to another person. Identity theft is the specific form of identity fraud that involves using the personally identifiable information of someone else.

United States[edit | edit source]

Identity fraud is

the umbrella term that refers to a number of crimes involving the use of false identification — though not necessarily a means of identification belonging to another person.[4]

Overview[edit | edit source]

"Identity theft" and "identity fraud" are terms that are often used interchangeably. Identity fraud is the umbrella term that refers to a number of crimes involving the use of false identification — though not necessarily a means of identification belonging to another person. Identity fraud became a federal crime through the False Identification Crime Control Act of 1982.[5]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Australian Institute of Criminology, "Identity Fraud."[1].
  2. See Bill S-4, An Act to amend the Criminal Code (identity theft and related misconduct).[2]
  3. U.N. Intergovernmental Expert Group, "Fraud and the Criminal Misuse and Falsification of Identity" (2007).
  4. Identity Theft: Trends and Issues, at 3.
  5. Pub. L. No. 97-398, codified at 18 U.S.C. §1028.

See also[edit | edit source]

Community content is available under CC-BY-SA unless otherwise noted.