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A logical record is

[a] record independent of its physical environment; portions of one logical record may be located in different physical records, or several logical records or parts of logical records may be located in one physical record.[1]
a collection of related data elements, referring to one person, place, thing, or event, that are treated as a unit and have either a fixed or variable length.[2]


  1. NIST Special Publication 500-271.
  2. EPA, Vocabulary Catalog List Detail - Records Glossary (full-text).