National Crime Prevention and Privacy Compact Act of 1998 (Oct. 9, 1998) (codified at 42 U.S.C. §14616) (full-text).
The Act established an infrastructure by which states can exchange criminal records for noncriminal justice purposes according to the laws of the requesting state and provide reciprocity among the states to share records without charging each other for the information. The Compact became effective April 28, 1999, after Montana and Georgia became the first two states to ratify it, respectively. To date, 30 states have ratified the Compact.
The National Crime Prevention and Privacy Compact Act of 1998 establishes the National Crime Prevention and Privacy Compact Council to promulgate rules and procedures for the effective use of the Interstate Identification Index System (III) for noncriminal justice purposes.