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== Definition ==
 
== Definition ==
   
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=== U.S. Copyright law ===
'''Phonorecords''' are [[copies]] of [[sound recording]]s. Under [http://www4.law.cornell.edu/uscode/html/uscode17/usc_sec_17_00000101----000-.html Section 101] of the [[1976 Copyright Act]], phonorecords are defined as
 
   
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'''Phonorecords''' are [[copies]] of [[sound recording]]s.
{{Quote|[[material objects]] in which sounds, other than those accompanying a [[motion picture]] or other [[audiovisual work]], are [[fixed]] by any method now known or later developed, and from which the sounds can be perceived, reproduced, or otherwise communicated, either directly or [[with the aid of a machine or device]].}}
 
   
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'''Phonorecords''' are
The term phonorecords includes the [[material object]] in which the sounds are first [[fixed]]. Thus, examples of a phonorecord would include [[compact disc]]s, vinyl albums, an [[audio tape]] or [[CD]], or an [[MP3]] [[file]].
 
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{{Quote|[[material objects]] in which [[sound]]s, other than those accompanying a [[motion picture]] or other [[audiovisual work]], are [[fixed]] by any method now known or later developed, and from which the [[sound]]s can be perceived, [[reproduce]]d, or otherwise communicated, either directly or [[with the aid of a machine or device]].<ref>''Id.''</ref>}}
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== Overview ==
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The term phonorecords includes the [[material object]] in which the [[sound]]s are first [[fixed]]. Thus, examples of a phonorecord would include [[compact disc]]s, vinyl albums, an [[audio tape]] or [[CD]], or an [[MP3]] [[file]].
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== References==
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<references />
   
 
== Overview ==
 
== Overview ==

Revision as of 04:45, 29 November 2020

Definition

U.S. Copyright law

Phonorecords are copies of sound recordings.

Phonorecords are

material objects in which sounds, other than those accompanying a motion picture or other audiovisual work, are fixed by any method now known or later developed, and from which the sounds can be perceived, reproduced, or otherwise communicated, either directly or with the aid of a machine or device.[1]

Overview

The term phonorecords includes the material object in which the sounds are first fixed. Thus, examples of a phonorecord would include compact discs, vinyl albums, an audio tape or CD, or an MP3 file.

References

  1. Id.

Overview

A phonorecord generally embodies two works — a musical work (or, in the case of spoken word recordings, a literary work) and a sound recording. Musical works available online may also be the subject of Musical Instrument Digital Interface ("MIDI") recordings.

Somewhat confusingly, the term "phonorecord" can also refer to the original object in which the copyrighted work was fixed, such as the original studio tapes for a sound recording.