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Preparedness refers to

[a]ctions that involve a combination of planning, resources, training, exercising, and organizing to build, sustain, and improve operational capabilities. It is the process of identifying the personnel, training, and equipment needed for a wide range of potential incidents, and developing jurisdiction-specific plans for delivering capabilities when needed for an incident.[1]
[t]he range of deliberate, critical tasks and activities necessary to build, sustain, and improve the operational capability to prevent, protect against, respond to, and recover from domestic incidents. Preparedness is a continuous process involving efforts at all levels of Government and between Government and private sector and nongovernmental organizations to identify threats, determine vulnerabilities, and identify required activities and resources to mitigate risk.[2]


  1. Glossary of Security Terms, Definitions, and Acronyms, at 189.
  2. Department of Homeland Security, Office of Infrastructure Protection Strategic Plan: FY 2008-2013, at 106 (Aug. 2007) (full-text).