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A server farm (or server cluster, also called a data center) is

[a] form of cluster computing in which a large number of servers are collocated in a data centre.[1]


Server farms often have backup servers, which can take over the function of primary servers in the event of a primary server failure.

Server farms are typically co-located with the network switches and/or routers which enable communication between the different parts of the cluster and the users of the cluster.

The computers, routers, power supplies, and related electronics are typically mounted on 19-inch racks in a server room or data center.


  1. Tallinn Manual, at 214.