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Kristin Archick, U.S.-EU Cooperation Against Terrorism (CRS Report RS22030) (May 21, 2012) (full-text).


Since September 11, 2001, cooperation between the United States and the European Union relating to counterterrorism activities has increased. Nevertheless, some challenges persist in fostering closer U.S.-EU counterterrorism and law enforcement cooperation. Among the most prominent are data privacy and data protection concerns. The EU considers the privacy of personal data a basic right and EU rules and regulations strive to keep personal data out of the hands of law enforcement as much as possible. The negotiation of several U.S.-EU information-sharing agreements, from those related to tracking terrorist financial data to sharing airline passenger information, have been complicated by ongoing EU concerns about whether the United States could guarantee a sufficient level of protection for European citizens' personal data.

This report examines the evolution of U.S.-EU counterterrorism cooperation and the ongoing challenges that may be of interest in the 112th Congress.

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