The IT Law Wiki


The U.S. Munitions List (USML) is a list of articles, services, and related technology designated as defense-related by the U.S. federal government. This designation is pursuant to sections 38 and 47(7) of the Arms Export Control Act (22 U.S.C. §§ 2778 and 2794(7)). These articles fall under the export and temporary import jurisdiction of the Department of State.

The USML is found in Part 121 of Title 22, Foreign Relations, of the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR). The USML is amended by rules published in the Federal Register. Further information and clarification whether specific articles or services fall under the USML are periodically discussed in Defense Trade News published by the State Department's Bureau of Political-Military Affairs.

Any article, service, or related data found to be on the USML requires an export license (issued by the U.S. State Department) to be exported (given to a non-U.S. person).[1] Some license exceptions are available under specific circumstances.

Exports of all other products not covered by the USML are subject the export jurisdiction of the Department of Commerce, Bureau of Industry and Security ([BIS]]). The first step in exporting a non-USML item under the BIS regulations is to identify the Export Control Classification Number (ECCN).


The 20 categories of articles on the USML are:

  1. Firearms, Close Assault Weapons and Combat Shotguns
  2. Guns and Armament
  3. Ammunition/Ordnance
  4. Launch Vehicles, Guided Missiles, Ballistic Missiles, Rockets, Torpedoes, Bombs, and Mines
  5. Explosives and Energetic Materials, Propellants, Incendiary Agents, and their Constituents
  6. Vessels of War and Special Naval Equipment
  7. Tanks and Military Vehicles
  8. Aircraft and Associated Equipment
  9. Military Training Equipment
  10. Protective Personnel Equipment
  11. Military Electronics
  12. Fire Control, Range Finder, Optical and Guidance and Control Equipment
  13. Auxiliary Military Equipment
  14. Toxicological Agents, Including Chemical Agents, [Biological Agents, and Associated Equipment
  15. Spacecraft Systems and Associated Equipment
  16. Nuclear Weapons, Design and Testing Related Items
  17. Classified Articles, Technical Data and Defense Services Not Otherwise Enumerated
  18. Directed Energy Weapons
  19. Submersible Vessels, Oceanographic and Associated Equipment
  20. Miscellaneous Articles

External links[]


  1. A "U.S. person" is a U.S. citizen or permanent resident who does not work for a foreign company, government, or NGO.

This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia (view authors). Smallwikipedialogo.png